Goods imported and exported by the European Union (EU) can be invoiced in a range of currencies.
In 2018, the euro was the most used currency for EU exports with a share of 48% of the total value of goods exported to non-EU countries and a share of 35% invoiced in US dollars. The picture was reversed for imports, with 56% of imports paid in US dollars and around a third in euros (35%).
For total trade (exports plus imports) the US dollar (45%) was used slightly more often than the euro (41%).
A clear overview per country plus underlying figures and information can be found in the news release issued by Eurostat Press Office.
20 May 2019 at 4:17 pm